According to an article recently published by Current Anthropology, the Persian Gulf may have housed one of the earliest human populations. Archeologist and researcher, Jeffrey Rose, with the University of Birmingham in the U.K. believes that humans flourished on the “Persian Gulf Oasis” for possibly 100,000 years before being inundated by the Indian Ocean 8,000 years ago. If true, this suggests that permanent settlements existed thousands of years earlier than predicted by current migration models. Presently, over 60 new archeologist sites have appeared on the shores of the Gulf. These sites have uncovered ancient human settlements that were well-built and reveal the remains of a people who lived in permanent stone houses, had long-distance trade networks, used elaborate pottery, and owned domesticated animals as well as boats. Historical sea level data indicates that the Gulf basin would have been above water about 75,000 years ago, and would have been an ideal location amidst the harsh desert around it. “The Gulf Oasis…would have provided a sanctuary throughout the Ice Ages when much of the region was rendered uninhabitable,” Rose states, “The presence of human groups in the oasis fundamentally alters our understanding of human emergence and cultural evolution…” Today, many archeologists believe that an important part of the human evolutionary mystery remains hidden in the depths of the Persian Gulf.